ADDENDUM : How to deal with anxiety ?
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"Worrying is carrying tomorrow's load with today's strength- carrying two days at once. It is moving into tomorrow ahead of time. Worrying doesn't empty tomorrow of its sorrow, it empties today of its strength." - Corrie ten Boom

"Man is not worried by real problems so much as by his imagined anxieties about real problems" - Epictetus

"Okay, so, flying," I started, taking a deep breath and focusing on the thing I loved most in the world. "Flying is … great. It feels great when you're doing it. It's fun. Pure freedom. There's nothing better." Dylan smiled, a slow, easy smile that seemed to light up his whole face. "So the first thing we're going to do," I told him, "is push you off the roof." - James Patterson, Fang

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Artificial Intelligence

"I truly believe Artificial Intelligence is the key to unlocking the full potential of human focused digital, so it is important that we understand what Artificial Intelligence is, in order to understand what it is going to mean for design. Because now that it is here, we have a solid foundation to start creating more intelligent, invisible experiences that make us more human by design. We are at the precipice of one of the most significant discoveries of development since we learnt how to light a fire." - Pete Trainor, Hippo: The Human Focused Digital Book

"Whoever perceives that robots and artificial intelligence are merely here to serve humanity, think again. With virtual domestic assistants and driverless cars just the latest in a growing list of applications, it is we humans who risk becoming dumbed down and ultimately subservient to machines." - Alex Morritt, Impromptu Scribe

 

 

 

 

 

Picture in spotlight

SCOPE holds two-day convention
on Digital India

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau 

 

Mr Ravi Shankar Prasad, Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology, delivering an inaugural address at a two-day national convention on "Digital India: Opportunities & Challenges"in New Delhi.

NEW DELHI, AUGUST 13 :
Two-day National Convention on “Digital India: Opportunities & Challenges” was inaugurated by Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad,  Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology organized by Standing Conference of Public Enterprises (SCOPE). The Minister also released Two SCOPE Booklets: (1) Special issue of KALEIDOSCOPE on Digital India; and (2) Best HR Practices to be adopted by Public Sector Enterprises which is outcome of Two-day International HR Summit organized by SCOPE this year. 


The Minister Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad highlighted the advantages of digitalization not only for system development but also for inclusion of rural India.  He told that PSEs has to take up the challenge to digitalize India in both letter and spirit.  The Minister reaffirmed the government’s commitment to digitalize India which is the vision and mission of Prime Minister. 

Review of existing cyber security policy (2013) to bring new policy for risk management and risk advisory role Dr. U.D. Choubey, Director General, SCOPE

 


Mr Ved Prakash, Chairman, SCOPE and CMD, MMTC while highlighting PSEs initiatives towards Digital India mentioned that SCOPE has organized this Convention to discuss the current trends practiced by leading organizations and to better equip PSE executives with latest digital technology.

Dr U.D. Choubey, Director General, SCOPE while expressing his concern on risk of cyber security emphasized  review of existing cyber security policy (2013) to bring new policy for risk management and risk advisory role. He expressed that there must be mandatory provision for alternative back up in digitalization so that in case of any emergency, back up system could run without hindrance.   

Also present on the occasion were Mr. R.K. Bahuguna, Vice Chairman, SCOPE & CMD, RailTel, and a galaxy of PSEs which include Chairmen, Directors and senior executives.  Knowledge resource person Mr. Neeraj Singh, Director, Management Consulting,   KPMG India Pvt. Limited was also present.

 

Speed, handiness and customised high end technology for law enforcing agencies vital to ensure homeland security

Thesynergyonline Technology Bureau


NEW DELHI, MAY 29 : Mr. Alok Joshi, Chairman, National Technical ResearchOrganisation (NTRO), Government of India, outlined the evolution of homeland security

in India from the baton days to the present high-tech contemporary era. He was speaking at the session on 'High-End Technologies' on day two of Homeland Security conference organized by FICCI in association with Vivekananda International Foundation on the theme 'Modernisation of India's Internal Security Mechanism'.


Mr. Joshi deliberated upon the relevance of high end technologies and the challenges faced by the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and law enforcing agencies. He said that there was a need for clear articulation of problems to get a precise resolution. High end technology demands customised, speedy and handy technology which could be delivered as per the customised requirement of agencies working in their respective domains. Besides, the emerging challenges posed due to possible dual use of technology needs to be studied and analysed in greater depth for the readiness of the law enforcing agencies.


In his special address, Mr. Satish Chandra Jha, Advisor, NTRO, pointed out that for a comprehensive development of the homeland security domain in India there was a need for awareness about security in society. He stated that technology which is speedy, handy and relevant to the present day and age and oriented towards ensuring a secure future was high end technology. Therefore, closer interaction between industry and agencies would facilitate the interoperability and in-depth understanding about the needs of the CAPFs and agencies.
This would strengthen the homeland security structure and arm it with capabilities to deal with the evolving complex threat matrix.

During the session the need for social media analysis was highlighted which can be carried out by significant analysis of Big Data in a time bound manner. Thus, while seeking the support from industry, the panelists highlighted that a credible industrial support which can provide greater techniques and facilitate speedy data analysis to scan, analyse, real time tracking, technology will comprehensively strengthen the homeland security of India.


Alluding to the importance of human resources in the police force, Mr. K. M. Singh, Former Member NDMA & Former DG, CISF, said that with high-end equipment and training, it was equally critical to know who is managing them. Quality human resources were needed to step up the internal security. With the cyber crimes racing ahead of conventional crime, it was highly essential to have up a credible cyber security framework. Besides, there was a need to develop a separate technical cadre to tackle specialized crimes.


Mr. Anurag Sharma, Director General of Police, Telangana State Police, said that the time had come for a strong collaboration between police, industry and experts. There was a need for experts to cater to specific needs of the police force and make the police officers tech-savvy. He emphasized the need for crowd sourcing where people could come up solutions. Besides, there was a need to focus on R&D and resolve issues such as how to handle crowds without contact.

Mr. G.K. Pillai, Chairman, FICCI Committee on Homeland Security and Former Union Home Secretary, Government of India, said that the report released on procurement at the conference had several significant recommendations, which could be implemented after deliberations with the stakeholders. To this end, he suggested that a joint roundtable could be held with the enforcement agencies and industry. Also, he added that a draft regulation was needed for UAVs as they will play a critical role both in the internal security and civilian life.

Mr. Rajan Luthra, co-chair, FICCI Committee on Homeland Security and Chairman's Office, Head-Special Projects, Reliance Industries ., said that space agencies, defence forces, law enforcement agencies, homeland security, Process/Telecom Industry and Financial/Rating Agencies need to real-time situational awareness and handle live situations, process vast amounts of information from diverse sources, detect and respond promptly to abnormal behaviour or incidents and use advanced technology systems equivalent of C6ISR in military parlance.

Mr. Praveen Jaiswal, Co-Founder & Director, Vehere Interactive, said that encryption was the new challenge facing law enforcement not just in India but around the world, which makes it impossible to engage in legitimate monitoring of communications by terrorists and criminals.


He added that traditional methods of TECHINT need to be overhauled with a combination of Meta Data Analysis, decryption, active and passive monitoring.

 

"Apollinaire said a poet should be 'of his time.' I say objects of the Digital Age belong in newspapers, not literature. When I read a novel, I don't want credit cards; I want cash in ducats and gold doubloons."
― Roman Payne


"As technology advances in complexity and scope, fear becomes more primitive."
― Don DeLillo

 

Remove 'novel hardware,' requirement in
prevailing CRI guidelines: ASSOCHAM plea

Lack of IP protection in CRI to hit investments & jobs in ICT sector


Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

NEW DELHI, MAY 11 :
Apex industry body ASSOCHAM has urged the Prime Minister Narendra Modi for bringing out appropriate amendments to the prevailing computer related invention (CRI) guidelines that have led to an instable and unpredictable environment in India's information, communication and technology (ICT) sector.

"The present CRI guidelines have put a blanket ban on patenting of computer related inventions unless a 'novel hardware,' is also invented thereby impacting the entire ICT sector and allied industries that contribute immensely to India's gross domestic product (GDP) and generate significant employment," highlighted ASSOCHAM in a communication addressed to Mr Nripendra Misra, Principal Secretary in the PMO (Prime Minister's Office).

"The lack of intellectual property (IP) protection opportunities in the area of CRI will not only effect investment but will also have a direct impact on employment and job growth related opportunities in the ICT industry," said ASSOCHAM secretary general, Mr D.S. Rawat.
"For India, to become a leading global player in areas of research and development (R&D) and software products, it is imperative that IP protection is made available at par with global standards," said Mr Rawat.

The ASSOCHAM letter also highlighted how the PM recently launched BHIM-Adhaar app aiming to bring about innovation for digital payments and recommended that such technology be patented.

"It is abundantly clear that prevailing guidelines are not aligned to 'Digital India,' initiative and are also not in compliance with Indian Patent Law and Indian Judicial Dictum," it added.

As such presently the CRI guidelines do not support objectives of various schemes launched by the government.

The contribution of industrial sector to India's GDP is close to 25 per cent and this is all applied research utilising well established scientific principles, mathematical formulas and algorithms to research into its practical industrial application but the CRI guidelines place complete restriction on patenting of the same.

Thus entire 25 per cent of its contribution to country's GDP is now at stake due to the prevailing scenario vis-à-vis CRI guidelines, noted the ASSOCHAM letter.

Further, it is rare to invent any improvements of new product without the use of software as all the forefronts of new technologies be it robotics, internet of things, ICT, cloud technology, genomics and renewable or alternative energy are implemented by software and such inventions are patentable outside but not in India.

"Therefore, investors will not be encouraged to make inventions in India and even start-ups will not be encouraged and motivated to innovate in India if we continue with the present CRI guidelines released in February 2016 and it will be death knell to all software implemented innovations in India," highlighted ASSOCHAM.

 

"When we change and grow into new versions of ourselves, we have to tolerate a lot of uncertainty." 
― Nancy Levin, Worthy: Boost Your Self-Worth to Grow Your Net Worth

Layoffs in IT not ruled out; sector reeling
under visa curbs, rising rupee

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

NEW DELHI, APRIL 21 : Delicious Ambiguity :  “I wanted a perfect ending. Now I've learned, the hard way, that some poems don't rhyme, and some stories don't have a clear beginning, middle, and end. Life is about not knowing, having to change, taking the moment and making the best of it, without knowing what's going to happen next.
Delicious Ambiguity.” 
― Gilda Radner

 

With the US tightening the norms for H-1B visas under the President Donald Trump's 'Buy American, Hire American' campaign, the Indian IT companies are bound to face disruptions by way of higher costs and even some laying off work force back home, as the rising rupee is aggravating the situation further for the technology export firms, an ASSOCHAM paper has cautioned.


Nearly 86 per cent of the H-1B visas issued for workers in the computer space go to Indians and this figure is now sure to be scaled down to about 60 % or even less.
Remittances from the US would decline hurting the balance of payment. World bank data showed the U.S was the second largest source of remittance for India in 2015, behind Saudi Arabia, and about $10.96 billion-nearly 16 percent of the total inflows were sent to India. ASSOCHAM expects it to disturb the balance by 8-10 per cent.


As the cost pressure would increase, aggravated by rising rupee leading to lower realizations, the Indian IT firms may be forced to displace work force. "In that case, the chances of layoffs are real," the ASSOCHAM Secretary General Mr D S Rawat cautioned, while impressing upon the IT industry apex bodies and the government to work out a joint strategy to deal with the unfolding situation. In the last three months, the Indian currency has gained by at least five per cent against US dollar, reducing net realizations for software exporters, among other export –oriented sectors.

"After all, our stakes are quite high. It is a question of USD 100 billion software export industry that employs over four million people and reservations for H1B visa for start-ups with less than 50 employee will decrease the number of visa available for Indian firms.
According to the ASSOCHAM paper, the reverses resulting from the tightening of the H1B visas would force IT giants to create fundamental changes in their strategies in terms of hiring, salaries, jobs, impacting employees in India too.


The move would also have an adverse macro impact for the Indian external sector economy. Remittances from US would decline hurting the balance of payment. World Bank data showed the U.S. was the second largest source of remittance for India in 2015 with USD 11 billion - nearly 16 percent of the total inflows. "We expect disturbances in remittances by 8-10 percent", the paper said, adding there would be fewer opportunities for individuals to work on offshore location.


With the UK already hiking the minimum wage requirement to £35,000 for tier-2 visa immigrants, this latest move by the US will act as a definitive dampener to the Indian outsourcing industry.


The alternate solutions for the Indian outsourcing industry are: investing in "near shore centres" – facilities close to the US, focus on local hiring in America and to work virtually, which is becoming easier with the wider adoption of cloud services and greater digitization.

"The problem suggests the solution." - Tom Payne, The Path to Job Search Success [-]
"When you took a man's job away from him, his ability to feed and clothe his family, that man was going to get angry." - Darrin Grimwood, Destroy All Robots
 

 

“The alien reached out her hands to hold Alex’s tightly. “Please. Some of what I want to express, it may be difficult to locate the right words.”

“Of course.”

Pure alabaster eyes stared back at her. “Child, there is a hole in your mind.”
- G.S. Jennsen, Dissonance

 

Artificial Intelligence is the need of
the hour: ASSOCHAM-PwC study


Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau


Artificial Intelligence

""It is important to note that the design of an entire brain region is simpler than the design of a single neuron. As discussed earlier, models often get simpler at a higher level—consider an analogy with a computer. We do need to understand the detailed physics ofsemiconductors to model a transistor, and the equations underlying a single real transistor are complex. A digital circuit that multiples two numbers requires hundreds of them. Yet we can model this multiplication circuit very simply with one or two formulas. An entire computer with billions of transistors can be modeled through its instruction set and register description, which can be described on a handful of written pages of text and formulas. The software programs for an operating system, language compilers, and assemblers are reasonably complex, but modeling a particular program—for example, a speech recognition programbased on hierarchical hidden Markov modeling—may likewise be described in only a few pages of equations. Nowhere in such a description would be found the details ofsemiconductor physics or even of computer architecture. A similar observation holds true for the brain. A particular neocortical pattern recognizer that detects a particular invariant visualfeature (such as a face) or that performs a bandpass filtering (restricting input to a specific frequency range) on sound or that evaluates the temporal proximity of two events can be described with far fewer specific details than the actual physics and chemicalrelations controlling the neurotransmitters, ion channels, and other synaptic and dendritic variables involved in the neural processes. Although all of this complexity needs to be carefully considered before advancing to the next higher conceptual level, much of it can be simplified as the operating principles of the brain are revealed." - Ray Kurzweil, How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed
Untitled Document 

 


 NEW DELHI, MARCH 16 : Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning, robotics and cognitive automation in direct proportion bestow rise in the quality and quantity of training data that the systems are exposed to, the conditions are ripe for India to emerge as a leader in AI, said an ASSOCHAM-PwC paper.


India is already on the path of a digital revolution and the next step is utilising the big data generated to take intelligent decisions. This requires close collaboration between academia, the private sector and public sector in order to understand problems holistically and solve them, , the ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study on ‘Artificial Intelligence and Robotics – 2017’ noted.


AI augmented manufacturing operations can employ more reliable demand forecasting, a flexible and responsive supply chain, quicker changes in operations, and more accurate scheduling and inventory optimisation. Other benefits involve creation of smarter, quicker and environmentally sound processes. This can lead to increased productivity and quality, lower costs and a more robust health and safety framework.


The application of AI in the field of defence and security includes protection of infrastructure such as airports, power plants and economic sectors that are vulnerable to attacks, detecting anomalous behaviour in individuals, and using distributed sensors and pattern recognition to predict infrastructure disruptions through natural/man-made causes, adds the study.


The ‘security games framework’ is based on computational game theory, combined with elements of human behaviour modelling. Given the limited security resources and different high value targets, game-based decisions provide a randomised collection or patrolling schedule based on weights of targets and intelligent reactions of adversaries to security postures.

"Memories have big value,... look back look what you have lost (For a moment)..., look what you have been making with this something or somebody... (For a moment) and look now without it... That's value, this is what robots don't have but humanity have!" - Deyth Banger

"The Three Laws of Robotics:

"The Three Laws of Robotics: 1: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm; 2: A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law; 3: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law; The Zeroth Law: A robot may not harm humanity, or, by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm." - Isaac Asimov, I, Robot

Giulio Giorello views

"Some years ago, there was a lovely philosopher of science and journalist in Italy named Giulio Giorello, and he did an interview with me. And I don't know if he wrote it or not, but the headline in Corriere della Sera when it was published was "Sì, abbiamo un'anima. Ma è fatta di tanti piccoli robot – "Yes, we have a soul, but it's made of lots of tiny robots." And I thought, exactly. That's the view. Yes, we have a soul, but in what sense? In the sense that our brains, unlike the brains even of dogs and cats and chimpanzees and dolphins, our brains have functional structures that give our brains powers that no other brains have - powers of look-ahead, primarily. We can understand our position in the world, we can see the future, we can understand where we came from. We know that we're here. No buffalo knows it's a buffalo, but we jolly well know that we're members of Homo sapiens, and it's the knowledge that we have and the can-do, our capacity to think ahead and to reflect and to evaluate and to evaluate our evaluations, and evaluate the grounds for our evaluations. It's this expandable capacity to represent reasons that we have that gives us a soul. But what's it made of? It's made of neurons. It's made of lots of tiny robots. And we can actually explain the structure and operation of that kind of soul, whereas an eternal, immortal, immaterial soul is just a metaphysical rug under which you sweep your embarrassment for not having any explanation." - Daniel C. Dennett

Why give a robot an order to obey orders?

"Why give a robot an order to obey orders—why aren't the original orders enough? Why command a robot not to do harm—wouldn't it be easier never to command it to do harm in the first place? Does the universe contain a mysterious force pulling entities toward malevolence, so that a positronic brain must be programmed to withstand it? Do intelligent beings inevitably develop an attitude problem? (…) Now that computers really have become smarter and more powerful, the anxiety has waned. Today's ubiquitous, networked computers have an unprecedented ability to do mischief should they ever go to the bad. But the only mayhem comes from unpredictable chaos or from human malice in the form of viruses. We no longer worry about electronic serial killers or subversive silicon cabals because we are beginning to appreciate that malevolence—like vision, motor coordination, and common sense—does not come free with computation but has to be programmed in. (…) Aggression, like every other part of human behavior we take for granted, is a challenging engineering problem!" ? Steven Pinker, How the Mind Works

"... you just can't differentiate between a robot and the very best of humans." - Isaac Asimov, I, Robot

"Will robot teachers replace human teachers? No, but they can complement them. Moreover, the could be sufficient in situations where there is no alternative––to enable learning while traveling, or while in remote locations, or when one wishes to study a topic for which there is not easy access to teachers. Robot teachers will help make lifelong learning a practicality. They can make it possible to learn no matter where one is in the world, no matter the time of day. Learning should take place when it is needed, when the learner is interested, not according to some arbitrary, fixed schedule" - Donald A. Norman, Emotional Design: Why We Love (or Hate) Everyday Things

Robots get to see the worst of the human condition on a daily basis. Good thing they don't have feelings." - Martin McConnell, Viral Spark

"What is the next unit of time after milliseconds?" "Microseconds." "Correct. What is the next?" "Nanoseconds." "There you go," the professor revealed. "Computers and androids like Christmas operate on nanoseconds. A nanosecond to them is a precision unit like a millisecond to you and I. Now try to think what doing something for fifteen minutes is to them. A millisecond is one million nanoseconds. One second is one billion nanoseconds. A minute is sixty billion nanoseconds. Fifteen minutes equals to nine hundred billion nanoseconds. Multiply that by a million for scale - that's the disparity between a human precision unit and a computer precision unit we first talked about. What do you get? Nine hundred quadrillion nanoseconds. That is ten thousand four hundred seventeen days, one thousand four hundred eighty-eight weeks, three hundred forty-two months. That is twenty-eight point five years. Does that seem like ages to you or what?" (What constitutes "ages" to machines)" - Alan Chains, Return to Island X

"Unfortunately robots capable of manufacturing robots do not exist. That would be the philosopher's stone, the squaring of the circle." - Ernst Jünger, The Glass Bees

"Robots are important also. If I don my pure-scientist hat, I would say just send robots; I'll stay down here and get the data. But nobody's ever given a parade for a robot. Nobody's ever named a high school after a robot. So when I don my public-educator hat, I have to recognize the elements of exploration that excite people. It's not only the discoveries and the beautiful photos that come down from the heavens; it's the vicarious participation in discovery itself." - Neil deGrasse Tyson, Space Chronicles: Facing the Ultimate Frontier "Humans were still not only the cheapest robots around, but also, for many tasks, the only robots that could do the job. They were self-reproducing robots too. They showed up and worked generation after generation; give them 3000 calories a day and a few amenities, a little time off, and a strong jolt of fear, and you could work them at almost anything. Give them some ameliorative drugs and you had a working class, reified and coglike." - Kim Stanley Robinson, 2312

"R-4 got stuck on the First Law. "Can anyone really protect a human being from all harm whatever?" it thought. "No. It is inevitable that all humans must be injured, contract illnesses and ultimately die. The future can only be averted for humans who are already dead. Ergo..." It took a dozen cops to subdue R-4, after his blood orgy in a department store (83 dead, none injured). " - John Sladek

"Will robot teachers replace human teachers? No, but they can complement them. Moreover, the could be sufficient in situations where there is no alternative––to enable learning while traveling, or while in remote locations, or when one wishes to study a topic for which there is not easy access to teachers. Robot teachers will help make lifelong learning a practicality. They can make it possible to learn no matter where one is in the world, no matter the time of day. Learning should take place when it is needed, when the learner is interested, not according to some arbitrary, fixed schedule" - Donald A. Norman, Emotional Design: Why We Love (or Hate) Everyday Things


AI shows remarkable potential in aiding control and remedial actions in the aftermath of environmental and man-made disasters. It can assist in optimising mobile networks and smart bandwidth allocation to ensure network service continuity in the midst of catastrophic events that are usually followed by a spike in communication and jammed networks.


Unmanned drones and satellite feeds combined with image processing and recognition can be used in infrastructure damage assessments and predictions based on structural stability and traffic congestion avoidance through adaptive routing while equipping and deploying disaster management teams. Opportunities for AI intervention also reside in processing social media feeds to gauge location-specific urgency and send targeted alerts to minimise loss of life and property, pointed the study.


A key area of AI intervention in logistical operations involves adaptive scheduling of deliveries and routing of vehicles. Advanced logistics and supply chains are being created using expert decision systems. Products can be transported more efficiently through vision-based driver assist and automated/robotic systems. This has made transportation less susceptible to disruptions caused by weather, traffic and unnatural events.


Some of the major areas of application of AI in the banking and financial services sector include early detection of financial risk and systemic failures, and automation to reduce malicious intent in financial systems, such as market manipulation, fraud, anomalous trading and reduction in market volatility and trading costs.


AI can improve the efficiency of operations in the travel and transportation sector by bringing improved safety through structural health monitoring and infrastructure asset management that can pay dividends in terms of reduced cost of repairs and reconstruction and real-time route information, thereby reducing energy usage and emissions.


Agriculture is another sector that can greatly benefit from intelligent solutions by using smarter production, processing, storage, distribution and consumption mechanisms. AI solutions can also help provide site-specific and timely data about crops to enable application of appropriate inputs such as fertilisers and chemicals, highlighted joint study.


Consumer goods and services was one of the initial areas of AI adoption in India and currently accounts for a significant share of private sector application. To enable consumers to find better products at low prices, machine learning algorithms are being deployed for better matching of supply with consumer demand.


Efficient usage of bandwidth and storage, improved filtering, web searches and language translation are some of the benefits of employing AI systems in the communication and social media sector. AI can enhance scientific research and experimentation by assisting scientists and engineers in reading publications and patents, generating hypotheses and testing them through the usage of robotic systems.


Large parts of the country experience a dearth of academicians and teachers when it comes to making education effective for students across a gradient of social and cognitive abilities. AI solutions can meaningfully intervene by means of adaptive tutoring based on the receptiveness of students and accurate gauging of development of students complemented by in-person classroom learning.

Evidence-based treatment and medication require a level of precision that helps patients develop confidence and trust in their doctors—an area where mere manual experience and judgment may be supplemented with AI.


With the vast volume of information-processing capabilities required for fields such as bioinformatics, using AI-based algorithms and solutions is inevitable. AI application in healthcare, medicine and biotechnology includes supporting systems to identify genetic risks from large-scale genomic studies, predicting safety and efficacy of newly launched drugs, providing decision support for medical assessments and prescriptions and tailoring drug administration to the individual patient.


Some of the areas where AI can improve legal processes include improved discovery and analysis based on law case history and formulation of legal arguments based on identification of relevant evidence.


Cognitive technologies are being deployed by firms to largely automate the task of going through stacks of documents to identify key terms, which has until now been a time-consuming manual process. NLP technology reads and understands key points in the documents. Machine-learning technology makes it possible to train the system on a set of sample documents so that it learns how to identify and extract information in an automated manner.

jQuery Animate a Div Height According to Content

Every time you click the above button some content will be added to box and the height of the box is adjusted through animation.

"Look at you, hacker: a pathetic creature of meat and bone, panting and sweating as you run through my corridors. How can you challenge a perfect, immortal machine?" ? Ken Levine

 

LaCie launches Thunderbolt 3 Portfolio
for creative professionals

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau


Thunderbolt 3 Portfolio

"From ultra high-resolution cameras to virtual reality to drones, the new experiences that content creators can bring to life are truly exciting," said Tim Bucher, Senior Vice President of Seagate and LaCie Branded Solutions. "Creating these experiences generates unprecedented amounts of data while requiring extreme performance, and today we're thrilled to help our customers by offering best-in-class storage solutions that excel in even the most demanding video workflows."
Untitled Document 

NEW DELHI, India, FEBRUARY 08 : LaCie, the premium brand from Seagate Technology plc, launched the LaCie® 12big Thunderbolt™ 3 and 6big Thunderbolt 3 aimed at helping video professionals excel with ultra high-resolution footage.


The LaCie 12big Thunderbolt 3 and 6big Thunderbolt 3 are ready to handle massive amounts of content thanks to fast transfer speeds, RAID 5/6 security and enterprise-class drives. These storage solutions have been designed by Neil Poulton and are ideal companions to the all-new MacBook Pro.

 

With up to 120TB of massive capacity, the breakthrough performance of Thunderbolt 3 and RAID 5/6, the LaCie 12big, first shown at the 2016 National Association of Broadcasters Show, and the new LaCie 6big help video professionals meet the data demands of 4/5/6K cameras. Both feature Seagate enterprise-class drives with 256MB cache and 7200RPM for superb accessibility, reliability and robust performance.

 

"From ultra high-resolution cameras to virtual reality to drones, the new experiences that content creators can bring to life are truly exciting," said Tim Bucher, Senior Vice President of Seagate and LaCie Branded Solutions. "Creating these experiences generates unprecedented amounts of data while requiring extreme performance, and today we're thrilled to help our customers by offering best-in-class storage solutions that excel in even the most demanding video workflows."

 

Thunderbolt 3 speeds of up to 2600MB/s for LaCie 12big and 1400MB/s for LaCie 6big slash time off nearly every post-production workflow task. Users can then edit multiple streams of ProRes 422 (HQ), ProRes 4444 XQ, as well as uncompressed HD 10-bit and 12-bit video. Photographers can also transfer RAW photos quickly and edit in Adobe Lightroom without lag. Plus, with up to 120TB of capacity, the LaCie 12big can store 100 hours of 4K ProRes 4444 XQ footage in RAID 5*.

 

With double the video bandwidth of its predecessor, Thunderbolt 3 lets a user daisy chain dual 4K displays or a single 5K display to the LaCie 12big or LaCie 6big. With two 4K displays, users can spread out their workspace by dedicating one display to the timeline and the other to previewing 4K footage, for example. It's even possible to power a compatible laptop through the USB-C cable**. Additionally, the user can connect to USB 3.0 computers via the included USB-C to USB-A cable.

 

The LaCie 12big and LaCie 6big are engineered to handle demanding video workflows. Front-accessible drives offer convenient and quick drive replacement and front-facing drive status LEDs help the user keep track of drive health and RAID build status. The aluminum enclosure dissipates heat far better than plastic, while two thermoregulated fans pull heat away from internal components. Both the LaCie 12big and LaCie 6big are protected by a five-year limited warranty that covers drives, enclosure and spare parts.

Price and Availability : [-]
The LaCie 6big will come in 24TB, 36TB, 48TB and 60TB capacities starting at Rs.260,900.00. The LaCie 12big will come in 48TB, 72TB, 96TB and 120TB capacities starting at Rs.521,900.00. The Lacie 6big and 12big Thunderbolt 3 solutions are available at LaCie resellers, and are showcased at the 25th Convergence India 2017 expo, held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, from February 8 to 10 , 2017.
 

 

India sees large rise in cybercrime:
ASSOCHAM-PwC study

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

NEW DELHI, JANUARY 18 : "As the world is increasingly interconnected, everyone shares the responsibility of securing cyberspace." - Newton Lee, Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity: Total Information Awareness

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Cyber security incidents are seeing a rise in India, with a total of 39,730 incidents reported in the first 10 months of 2016, as against 44,679 and 49,455 observed during the years 2014 and 2015 respectively, a recent ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study said.

 

The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) has reported a surge in the number of incidents till October 2016 with close to 39,730 security incidents, noted the study titled 'Securing the cashless economy,' conducted by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) jointly with PwC released at the ASSOCHAM Workshop on "Securing the Cashless Economy" here on Wednesday.

 

With more time to detect and time to respond to these attacks, the return on investments for cyberattacks is greater in emerging markets like India as compared to developed markets like the US, noted the study.

 

Demonetisation has given an impetus to e-wallet services. Mobile wallets have witnessed a massive rise in app downloads. With programmes for financial inclusion, digitisation of the economy and increased use of smartphones, online transactions are already quite popular among the urban Indian population. The result has been that leading mobile wallets have witnessed growth of upwards of 100 per cent in app download numbers and have similarly seen an increase of upwards of 400% increase in wallet recharges, pointed out the joint study.

 

This smartphone revolution has led to the emergence of e-commerce, m-commerce and other services, including app-based cab aggregators, who encourage digital payments for use of various services. The value added services such as cash back, bill payment facilities, loyalty points, rewards and ease of use have promoted increased usage of such digital platforms.

 

As the country is experiencing a digital revolution, the impact of this transformation makes it imperative for financial service players to revisit their cyber security resilience. The number of incidents occurring in banking systems has increased in the last five years. In the month of October 2016, an ATM card hack hit Indian banks, affecting around 3.2 million debit cards. Hence, efforts are needed to enhance cyber security as businesses and citizens embrace this new digital wave, noted the study.

 

Addressing ASSOCHAM Masterclass Workshop "Securing the Cashless Economy", Mr Sanjay Sahay, ADGP, Police Computer Wing, Bangalore, Karnataka said we should have our own standards & protocol and operating system. The types of cyber security incidents such as phishing, scanning, website intrusions and defacements, virus code and denial of service attacks will continue to grow, highlighted the study.

 

Dr. Ajeet Bajpai, Director General, National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre, NTRO said that post demonetisation banking and financial sector has become the most critical. He also said that earlier (cyber) threats were of nuisance value, now they are disruptive and may become destructive.

 

While addressing the workshop organised by ASSOCHAM, Dr. Ajeet Bajpai said 'why should a banking app want to access your camera and audio of your phone?' He further said that the biometric solutions may actually be more compromising. Dr. Bajpai said, 'we need to create transactional literacy'.

 

More intelligent transaction monitoring will have to be carried out as part of continuous surveillance. Crisis response and recovery strategies will have to step up along with the increased digital footprint. Security awareness of all the stakeholders will be a vital pillar of a secure cashless society, adds the study.

 

Security assessment and testing will need to be embedded into the agile development life cycle. Agile security testing methods based on automation will have to be adopted. In many ways driving, a paradigm shift is needed in the way security testing is undertaken today.

 

The new era will call for hyper-interoperability across different value chain players. In order to enable this, each ecosystem player will need to create multiple application programing interfaces (APIs). While this will deliver a seamless experience to customer, there is also a risk of malware injection through such APIs. With faster proliferation of interfaces, protecting APIs will become critical to ensure malware and persistent threats do not propagate through such untrusted/ untested APIs.

 

In the new cashless world, frauds will be driven mainly by impersonation and will become a daily affair. Accordingly, the need for stronger authentication of transactions will gain significance. The current techniques of authentication based on location and timing will no longer be adequate. Adaptive authentication will need to be embedded into the heart of transaction processing.

 

Protecting context-rich personally dentifiable information (PII); Both regulators and organisations will be obligated to invest in strong processes and technology to prevent the misuse of context-driven rich PII. While traditional controls such as data masking and encryption will need to be enhanced, capabilities to hunt down any misuse of PII will have to be built by organisations.

 

In the new digital/ cashless economy, mobility-based solutions will continue to gain prominence and, hence, security concerns will no longer be limited to the organisation architecture boundaries. In order to ensure endpoint security containerised apps with built-in advanced persistent threat (APT) capabilities will have to be developed. Controls for in memory data and additional controls like device certification will be considered. To ensure security of data in endpoints, there may be a requirement for guidelines to define the kind of sensitive data that end devices retain. Hence, the next generation financial infrastructure may involve the adoption of advanced end-user device management solutions.

 

As the ecosystem continues to be interconnected and overlapping, cybercriminals will try to exploit possible lapses and, hence, strategies need to be built to deal with such eventualities. Given this interdependence on the all the players of the financial ecosystem, it becomes crucial to identify any anomaly at a pace which mirrors real time or near real time.

 

The security boundaries of the various players will be extended to end users, third parties and other ecosystem partners. Security controls will no longer be defined in contracts limited to uptime and resolution of vulnerabilities, but will actually be embedded in the partner ecosystem. The process for monitoring of parameters will also have to be integrated with the company's incident response framework.

 

The awareness theme for tomorrow will thus be multichannel, multilingual and multicultural, and hence go beyond the scope of traditional programmes. Regulators may have to start thinking across industries and develop an awareness programme that addresses this need.

Conclusively : Given swimmingly fetching cybersecurity: [-]
"There's no silver bullet solution with cyber security, a layered defense is the only viable defense" - James Scott
 

Crisis management plan imperative to counter cybercrime threats in India: ASSOCHAM-PwC study

Div BG color

Urgent need to set up 'collaborative monitoring framework'

"It is imperative for law enforcement agencies to have a system which will have a collaborative framework for receiving video feeds on a need basis from closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance systems and subsystems," highlighted an ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study titled 'Safe cities: Collaborative monitoring – For the community, by the community.

 


Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 30 :
Given the Indian cyberspace is vulnerable to cyber crime, India must formulate a crisis management plan to tackle cyber attacks, cyber terrorism and cyber espionage attempts, noted a recent ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study.

*

On the edge

"The Edge... There is no honest way to explain it because the only people who really know where it is are the ones who have gone over." - Hunter S. Thompson, Hell's Angels: A Strange and Terrible Saga

"You are an explorer, and you represent our species, and the greatest good you can do is to bring back a new idea, because our world is endangered by the absence of good ideas. Our world is in crisis because of the absence of consciousness." - Terence McKenna

"Sometimes you need a little crisis to get your adrenaline flowing and help you realize your potential." - Jeannette Walls, The Glass Castle

"Through each crisis in my life, with acceptance and hope, in a single defining moment, I finally gained the courage to do things differently." - Sharon E. Rainey

"Crisis is what suppressed pain looks like; it always comes to the surface. It shakes you into reflection and healing." - Bryant McGill, Simple Reminders: Inspiration for Living Your Best Life

 

"It is imperative for law enforcement agencies to have a system which will have a collaborative framework for receiving video feeds on a need basis from closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance systems and subsystems," highlighted an ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study titled 'Safe cities: Collaborative monitoring – For the community, by the community.'

 

Leveraging the capabilities of a good video management system (VMS), when clubbed with video analytics, will also allow efficient access to these external camera feeds at the command and control centre.

"Collaborative monitoring of video feeds not only facilitates greater coverage of video surveillance within the city but also serves as deterrence for crimes and assists law enforcement agencies in controlling incident escalation, crime detection and its investigation," said the study.

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Collaborative monitoring is a unique tool, wherein the security and law enforcement agency takes advantage of the extensive network of surveillance cameras deployed by communities across the city as well as the cameras of other private and government establishments on a need basis.

It is an extremely prudent enabler for police department, as while they strengthen their bond with the communities, they can use any information or footage gathered from these security cameras to support investigation and the prosecution of criminals.

The advantage provided by leveraging the extensive network of external cameras ensures enhanced crime monitoring through a cost-effective, widespread and scalable model.

 

However, while implementing the collaborative monitoring framework there is a need to carefully manage certain risks like conflict with existing laws and regulatory proposals, lack of awareness within communities, funding related issues, privacy and anonymity related issues and others to garner maximum fruits out of such initiatives.

 

Showcasing the examples of the impact of collaborative surveillance, the study highlighted that crime graph in Hyderabad came down by 14 per cent in 2015 compared to that in previous year. While UK based Scotland Yard security agency used CCTV footage as evidence in 95 per cent of murder cases.


India could set the next best practices : Secy, Meity
at the CII Startups Coalition portal launch event

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau
 

Startups

Mr Rajan Anandan, Vice President, South East Asia and India, Google India, shared that the internet user base has increased dramatically in India, the quality of entrepreneurs has also shown an upward trend and investing in startup ecosystem has increased. He added that Start ups in India should focus on addressing India's biggest problems and address not the first 50-100 million users, but the rest of India. He further stated that India should have an open light touch regulatory environment and build on cross functional skills to convert each problem or an issue into an opportunity.

NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 13 :
"There are huge opportunities for startups that can impact the development of India. India is not following the best practices elsewhere. It is setting the next best practices, according to Ms Aruna Sundararajan, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, who was the chief guest at the launch of CII's Startups Coalition Portal, organized in New Delhi on Monday.

 

She added that the opportunity for startup economy in India is huge as there is no other economy of comparable size that is so underserviced in each and every sector – be it healthcare, agriculture, education, transport or any other. Since the scale of under servicing is so large the opportunity is even larger – with innovations and technology that can be uniquely leveraged in India, Ms Sundararajan pointed out.

Mr Rajan Anandan, Vice President, South East Asia and India, Google India, shared that the internet user base has increased dramatically in India, the quality of entrepreneurs has also shown an upward trend and investing in startup ecosystem has increased. He added that Start ups in India should focus on addressing India's biggest problems and address not the first 50-100 million users, but the rest of India. He further stated that India should have an open light touch regulatory environment and build on cross functional skills to convert each problem or an issue into an opportunity.
India is placed amongst the top three countries in the number of Startups in the world. It is of utmost importance at this juncture to provide the support system necessary to ensure a high degree of success. CII's Startups Coalition is this platform to interconnect different stakeholders in the entrepreneurial ecosystem and build a stronger nurturing environment for startups in India, according to Mr Kiran Karnik, Chairman, CII National Mission on Digital India.


The coalition is uniquely placed as a common platform as a means to encourage and promote not just the big cities, but the small towns of India, by connecting them to get online guidance, mentorship and the way forward for establishing their startups. Mr Karnik added that upcoming startups need to create new business models to address the untapped opportunities which will solve the bigger problems of the larger population base of the Indian subcontinent.

 

India will see 65% rise in mobile
frauds by 2017: Study

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau


 
Mobile frauds

It will be beneficial to have collaborations with International Cyber Security Protection Alliance, such as the Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC), National Crime Agency's National Cyber Crime Unit (NCCU) and the UK's CEOP. This will help in not only adopting the best practices by other countries for prevention of cybercrime, but also in increasing the capability, knowledge, training, skills, capacity and expertise of cybersecurity task forces. Additionally, it will help to reduce the harm caused to businesses, customers and citizens due to international cyberattacks.
 

NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 13 :
The rapid increase in use of computers and the emergence of the Internet has led to the evolution of cyberspace, about 40-45 per cent of financial transactions are done via mobile devices and this menace is expected grow to 60-65 per cent by 2017, noted a recent ASSOCHAM-EY joint study.

 

The study had further noted that mobile frauds are areas of great concern for companies as 40-45 per cent of financial transactions are done via mobile devices and this threat is expected grow to 60-65 per cent by 2017, noted the study titled 'Strategic national measures to combat cybercrime,' jointly conducted by ASSOCHAM and research firm EY.

 

According to joint study, credit and debit card fraud cases top the chart of cybercrimes. There has been a sixfold increase in such cases over the past three years. According to the data, about 46 per cent complaints of online banking related to/credit/debit card fraud followed by Facebook (39 per cent)-related complaints (morphed pictures/cyber stalking/cyber bullying). Other major cyber complaints were cheating through mobile (21 per cent), hacking of e-mail ID (18 per cent), abusive/offensive/obscene calls and SMS (12 per cent), and others.

 

Enforcing data security measures and creating proactive security monitoring capability are vital for an organization to maintain a lead over emerging threats and protect their financial, intellectual and customer-related information, adds the study. A secure cyberspace and government's influence in keeping tabs on cybercrime have become important criteria for businesses to establish, operate and flourish in any region.

 

Global menace of cybercrime and threats originating from the digital world require dedicated resources and efforts. An overview of India's current cybersecurity initiatives and some of the leading practices adopted globally is presented below. While some nations have taken extreme measures based on their political orientation, others have.

 

As the nation embarks to connect over 1.2 billion people and leapfrog into next generation infrastructure including smart cities, millions of people, devices and machines are getting hyper-connected across India every day. Enormous amount of real-time information is moving across the ever expanding network at increasing speeds.

 

From critical communications network to power distribution to financial well-being of the nation depends on the robustness of the cyber network. Each day, there are growing reports of spread of malware, misinformation and systemic cyber-attacks. These malicious forces know no physical boundaries. This is a huge challenge and needs unprecedented collective action. Indeed, it is now a paramount national priority.

Countries, such as the USA and the UK have reached an advanced stage ...

Countries, such as the United States of America (USA) and the United Kingdom (UK) have reached an advanced stage as far as the implementation of their cybersecurity strategy is concerned. Australia has formulated a national plan to combat cybercrime with a vision of safe and secure digital environment for all Australians. Canada's cybersecurity strategy is focused on a plan for meeting cyber threat and help Canadians to be secure online.

While India is in the process of defining key initiatives with regard to cybersecurity, many mature countries have already implemented various key initiatives aimed at the improvement of critical infrastructure for cybersecurity and addressing cybercrime.

A dedicated national governing unit may be established in India, which will be the central agency for all state government cybercrime agencies to coordinate, integrate and share information related to cybercrime. Such a central agency will be responsible for driving all the cybercrime prevention initiatives, such as collaboration with private sectors, and training and awareness across the country.

The Government should provide well defined citizen awareness programs aimed at preventing cybercrime as a proactive mitigation. Cybercrime awareness shall be introduced in academics in the early stages of education as a mandate for all the state and central, and public and private schools. Mechanisms shall be established for independent monitoring of awareness program at regular intervals to evaluate the number of people/regions covered. Awareness material shall be updated regularly to cover up-to-date information.

Maintaining centralized cybercriminal database. A centralized database of cybercriminals should be maintained so that the criminals released from jails may be monitored. Such checks will discourage cybercriminals from engaging in spurious activities in cyberspace. Many countries, such as the USA and Australia have maintained a central repository of cybercriminals.

It will be beneficial to have collaborations with International Cyber Security Protection Alliance, such as the Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC), National Crime Agency's National Cyber Crime Unit (NCCU) and the UK's CEOP. This will help in not only adopting the best practices by other countries for prevention of cybercrime, but also in increasing the capability, knowledge, training, skills, capacity and expertise of cybersecurity task forces. Additionally, it will help to reduce the harm caused to businesses, customers and citizens due to international cyberattacks.

There is a need to increase the number of cybercrime cells and laboratories in the states and provide requisite manpower, training and infrastructure to them. Initiatives to setup the cybercrime cells and laboratories in states where these do not exist, and also upgrade and strengthen the existing cybercrime cells is required to cope up with the rapid cybercrimes. There is a need to establish a centralized repository for cybersecurity standards, best practices and guidelines, which can be used by law enforcement agency for preventing and investigating cybercrime.

India should be actively engaged as part of the international cybercrime associations centered on Asia/Europe and America to seek help and contribute for international cybercrime issues. According to study, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra have occupied the top three positions when it comes to cybercrimes registered under the new IT Act in India.

 

"... you just can't differentiate between a robot and the very best of humans." - Isaac Asimov, I, Robot
 

Robotics may take over 10 million
jobs in 5 yrs: ASSOCHAM
 

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

The current industrial revolution globally is unfolding disruptive technologies in the form of automation, robotics, 3D printing, artificial intelligence, genomics etc., and has started eating jobs in large number and in India alone million of jobs are at stake in the next five years.
"The Centre should create a national policy perspective for automation consisting of top level experts, representative of business, government and labour as it will set down the roadmap and guidelines to make this transition as painless as possible while assuring the stakeholders that the benefits will be widely and equitably shared."
It is also pertinent to note that robotics technology is a settled necessity for not only making Indian industry globally competitive and the country attractive for entrepreneurs but also to promote manufacturing sector in states like Uttar Pradesh (UP) to ensure faster economic development.
"We must expect automation becoming the imperative where raw materials like rare earths or dangerous ones like radioactive metals and corrosive chemicals are in use, thus it is clear that in the hazardous industries, robotics help workers in their safety, rather than replace them."


 
Untitled Document

"Some unspoken human communication is taking place on a hidden channel. I did not realize they communicated this much without words. I note that we machines are not the only species who share information silently, wreathed in codes." - Daniel H. Wilson, Robopocalypse
NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 07 :
Up to 10 million jobs might be taken over by artificial intelligence or robots during the course of next five years owing to extreme technological developments taking place globally, apex industry body ASSOCHAM said.


 
“The Union Government should integrate robotics as key components of its flagship ‘Make in India,’ programme for attracting global manufacturers to set up their highly efficient and automated supply chain facilities in the country,” suggested a recent ASSOCHAM study titled ‘Digital India to Robotic India.’

 

The current industrial revolution globally is unfolding disruptive technologies in the form of automation, robotics, 3D printing, artificial intelligence, genomics etc., and has started  eating jobs in large number and in India alone million of jobs are at stake in the next five years.
The Chamber thus, in its study has underlined an ‘urgent need’ for fostering a partnership among government, industry and academia to equip people with the right skill sets.

 

“The proposed partnership will be able to identify emerging skill requirements and academia, especially from developed countries would need to assist in structuring courses and setting curricula,” said Mr D.S. Rawat, secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the study at a press conference held in Lucknow.


 
“The Centre should create a national policy perspective for automation consisting of top level experts, representative of business, government and labour as it will set down the roadmap and guidelines to make this transition as painless as possible while assuring the stakeholders that the benefits will be widely and equitably shared,” said Mr Rawat.

"Will robot teachers replace human teachers? No, but they can complement them. Moreover, the could be sufficient in situations where there is no alternative- to enable learning while traveling, or while in remote locations, or when one wishes to study a topic for which there is not easy access to teachers. Robot teachers will help make lifelong learning a practicality."
"My death, Daniel, is not important. No individual death among human beings is important. Someone who dies leaves his work behind and that does not entirely die. It never entirely dies as long as humanity exists." - Isaac Asimov, Robots and Empire
"...Changelessness is decay." "A paradox. There is no decay without a change for the worse." "Changelessness is a change for the worse..." - Isaac Asimov, Robots and Empire
"Every giant leap for mankind resulting from a technological advance requires a commensurate step in the opposite direction - a counterweight to ground us in humanity." - Alex Morritt, Impromptu Scribe
"Break your shackles and reach out to your freedom. Break to pieces whatever indoctrination and programming that holds you hostage. The world is yours. Get possession of it." - Bangambiki Habyarimana, Pearls Of Eternity
"Memories have big value,... look back look what you have lost (For a moment)..., look what you have been making with this something or somebody... (For a moment) and look now without it... That's value, this is what robots don't have but humanity have!" - Deyth Banger
"What separates us into engineers and robots, puppeteers and puppets, kings and pawns, is not the status we hold at any given time among others - status is irrelevant; it is the level of ever-present awareness we have of a grey-matter tailor's tools [of flattery, persuasion, and cunning.]" ? A.J. Darkholme, Rise of the Morningstar
 

“This will at least sensitize the nation on the inevitability of robotics led automation in industry, manufacture, transport and distribution,” he added.

 

It is also pertinent to note that robotics technology is a settled necessity for not only making Indian industry globally competitive and the country attractive for entrepreneurs but also to promote manufacturing sector in states like Uttar Pradesh (UP) to ensure faster economic development.

 

ASSOCHAM has thus suggested the Government of Uttar Pradesh to dovetail its skill development policy conducive to create an enabling environment for private sector, provide better infrastructure, impart skill training to industrial workforce and promote ease of doing business across the state.

 

With several global auto firms setting up base in India and many hoping to export vehicles from the country both vehicle assembly and obtaining components by several Indian and joint venture (JV) component firms would require extensive automation to be at par with international standards.

 

In the beginning, automation and robotics would be inevitable at least where high quality and low costs on the one hand and safety of human workers are prime concern.

 

“We must expect automation becoming the imperative where raw materials like rare earths or dangerous ones like radioactive metals and corrosive chemicals are in use, thus it is clear that in the hazardous industries, robotics help workers in their safety, rather than replace them,” said Mr Rawat.

 

“As the product shelf-life shrinks, automated production processes would become inevitable to catch up with the competition domestically and globally,” he added.

“Besides, in transportation of goods rapid use of containerization, automation at ports and in-time manufacture would make transportation more and more automated requiring fewer and fewer human intervention,” further said Mr Rawat.

 

The coming of driverless cars and trains is one indication. The reduction in use of fuels through greater efficiency of fuel use (cars at 25-30 km/hr are already a reality as well as cars requiring least periodic attention) would need fewer petrol pumps and repair shops, for instance. 
Allaying concerns about job displacement, the study said, “The sector automation and use of robotics need not be at the expense of labour, coexistence is possible; industry leaders must view the introduction of robots as a competitive advantage.”

 

What is needed is a joint effort by all to make automation and subsequent changes in job pattern and demand on intelligence, innovation and creative work as a great opportunity to open the floodgates of enabling every individual to build his/her future in a global prosperity environment.
“India need not fear the socio-economic churn of the coming Robotics Age but be prepared for welcoming it,” the study said.

 

Economic policies should assume that there will be accelerating movement from low wage-low skill workforce to high skill-high wage one that will endow larger spending potential to most people and that in turn will demand more leisure, more travel, more creative life styles with their attendant changes in most products and services.

 

“This will assume a high voltage dynamic of the economy powered by automation and robotics.”
All developing countries including China are rapidly moving to use of industrial and other robots and automation of many production and distribution processes while the middle income country South Korea has built its industry led prosperity with highest density of industrial robots.
 

"Be Visionary ..." - R.M. Engelhardt
"The more boundless your vision, the more real you are."
"To fulfill your vision, you must have hindsight, insight and foresight." - Ifeanyi Enoch Onuoha
Vision is tomorrow's reality expressed as an idea today." - Orrin Woodward
"No thief, however skillful, can rob one of knowledge, and that is why knowledge is the best and safest treasure to acquire." ? L. Frank Baum, The Lost Princess of Oz
"What a computer is to me is the most remarkable tool that we have ever come up with. It's the equivalent of a bicycle for our minds." - Steve Jobs
PCs are the priority device for education-related activities and acquiring differentiated knowledge and skills
Positive word of mouth about the PC is an incentive for consumers to invest time in learning more about the device
"If careful attention is paid to the reality, we will see clearly, the real shortage is of the right skills, rather than of jobs. If the right skills are developed, the right start-ups and other enterprises will emerge and provide the jobs needed. It's always the horse before the cart, not the other way round. At a personal level, it will require the realisation of the need for the acquisition of required skills, the discipline to pursue it and the commitment to push through. These will require a great deal of personal courage and effort. But then, the benefit will be immeasurable."- Emi Iyalla
"The pen may indeed be mightier than the sword, but the wordsmith would do well to welcome the blacksmith back into the fold, so that artisan craftsmanship the world over may fend off the ravages of industrialised homogeneity and bland monoculture." - Alex Morritt, Impromptu Scribe  

PC crucial to India's knowledge economy vision: Report  

Thesynergyonline Digital Bureau

• The Report, prepared by Kantar IMRB, endorsed by ISB, and commissioned by Intel India, reiterates that personal computing will be catalytic in India's shift from content consumption to knowledge creation
• PCs are seen as an essential tool for education, especially in smaller towns and lower Socio Economic Classification (SEC), with 54% of respondents using it as the priority device for education
• There is a 7% proportionate increase of using a PC vis-à-vis smartphones for job search and healthcare information, both of which are critical to India's economic development
•PC has a positive influence on soft skills such as leadership, communication, critical thinking, self-confidence and decision-making, widening the horizons of academic and career opportunities for non-urban aspirants



NEW DELHI, DECEMBER 01 : At the release of the Ek Kadam Unnati Ki Aur Impact Assessment Report today, personal computing emerged as being crucial to India's growth as a knowledge economy. The Report, prepared by Kantar Indian Market Research Bureau (Kantar IMRB), endorsed by the Indian School of Business (ISB), and commissioned by Intel Technology India ("Intel India"), reveals that Personal Computers (PCs) are instrumental to closing the skill gap, enabling upward socio-economic mobility, and achieving universal digital literacy in the country.

Analyzing data from Common Services Centers in 11 states[1], where Intel India set up 100 Unnati Kendras for PC access and training, the Report was unveiled by Ms. Aruna Sundarajan, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and IT, Mr. Navin Shenoy, Senior Vice President & General Manager, Client Computing Group, Intel Corporation, and Ms. Debjani Ghosh, Vice President, Sales and Marketing Group & Managing Director, Intel South Asia.

The Report reinforces that as India transforms itself into a knowledge economy, digital skills must become a core competency for higher education and white-collar service-sector jobs, and that the know-how of productive technologies, such as the PC, will enable citizens to participate in this ambition. It highlights that the PC has a positive influence on soft skills such as leadership, communication, critical thinking, self-confidence and decision-making, widening the horizons of academic and career opportunities for non-urban aspirants.

For 54 per cent of the respondents, PCs are the priority device for education-related activities and acquiring differentiated knowledge and skills. In fact, education-related videos and content dominated 58% of the multimedia consumption at the Unnati Kendras, especially among women entrepreneurs, self-educators, students and teachers – a demographic which represents the next-wave of empowered citizens in the fastest growing service economy in the world; 61 per cent of India's GDP is being contributed by the service sector[2]. One of the factors contributing to this growth is the digital penetration in non-urban India, wherein the smartphone has enabled the rapid Internet usage and provided access to basic online services.


The Report finds that while the smartphone has been a gateway to on-board first-time technology users in India, the PC has emerged as the preferred interface for content creation, skill development, and accessing information related to government, education, healthcare and employment. The Report advocates a multi-device approach to digital upskilling, where features such as larger screens, physical keyboards and the ability to accommodate multi-tasks and heavy-duty tasks, create an interactive yet productive user interface within the technology ecosystem.

The Report further calls out that positive word of mouth about the PC is an incentive for consumers to invest time in learning more about the device. Personal engagements with a local Unnati Guru or technology evangelist at the centers had a significant impact on the overall experience, with first-time users preferring to discuss a PC's features (46%) before interacting hands-on with the device. Direct PC exposure at work, school or cyber cafés, also builds familiarity and confidence with the device, with almost 15% of connected users (non-owners) showing higher propensity to purchase a PC for their households.

 

Navin Shenoy, Senior Vice President & General Manager, Client Computing Group:

Mr Navin Shenoy, Senior Vice President & General Manager, Client Computing Group, Intel Corporation, said, ""It is an exciting and important time for India as access to the internet and technology becomes more readily accessible to more and more people, including non-urban communities. The PC is playing an increasingly critical role in enabling citizens across the country to use technology for the betterment of self and society, helping reduce the skill gap, and increase productivity. We are committed to continue investing in the transition of India to a digital, knowledge-based economy."

Aruna Sundarajan, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and IT:

Ms. Aruna Sundarajan, Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and IT, said "The government has been focused on transforming India through technology, and it's encouraging to see how public private collaborations are making an impact in this regard. Intel India has continuously demonstrated its commitment to the Digital India vision, and I'd like to congratulate them on rallying an ecosystem that has strived to make technology relevant for our citizens beyond the big cities."

Debjani Ghosh, Vice President, Sales and Marketing Group & Managing Director, Intel South Asia:

Debjani Ghosh, Vice President, Sales and Marketing Group & Managing Director, Intel South Asia said, "The growing skills gap in India is estimated to create a deficit of more than 25 crore workers by 2022[3]. This implies an urgent need to create knowledge workers, and technology can help accelerate this process. An isolated smartphone-based strategy won't cut it, which is why we urge the government to additionally look at the other technology choices available, to ensure that we move from content consumption to content creation. This is the need of the hour if India wants to truly transform into a knowledge economy."


Identifying the challenges to PC adoption in non-urban India, the Report cites that the lack of local language interfaces as a key barrier to PC acceptance, highlighting the need to create relevant vernacular content. In addition, over a quarter of the potential consumers cited the inability to afford PCs as a reason to not make the one-time investment in a PC, necessitating the availability of soft loans through easy microfinancing options. Conclusively, a balance of product, price, content, policy and on-ground support will be the catalyst to improving PC penetration in India's emerging economy.

 

The Report is based on Intel India's Ek Kadam Unnati Ki Aur initiative, under which the company has collaborated with nearly 20 organizations, across the public and private sector, to build the relevance of personal computing. 100 Unnati Kendras, serving as common access digital learning centers for local citizens, were inaugurated earlier this year, to deliver content and training across the three broad areas of education, entrepreneurship and innovation. Each center is equipped with Intel® architecture powered devices, vernacular language content and relevant training programs for local citizens in the state, creating opportunities for skill development and digital empowerment.

 

 

 

 

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